The development of high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR) in China began in the 1970s and was included in the national 863 Program in 1986. In January 2003, HTR-10 was connected to the grid at full capacity. In February 2008, the State Council approved an overall plan for the implementation of the HTGR nuclear power project, which aims to build a 200 MWe commercial modular HTGR demonstration plant with domestically developed technologies, based on the 10 MWt high-temperature gas-cooled experimental reactor already in operation. In the past decade, important progress has been made in the construction of the HTGR demonstration plant, including the development of key equipment and its testing, production of fuel elements and the development of certain general-purpose technologies. The 200 MWe demonstration plant is expected to be connected to the grid in 2021.